Archibald Scott Cleghorn
Father of Princess Kaiulani
Photos and information of Archibald Scott Cleghorn, the
Scottish father of Princess Victoria Kaiulani and the
husband of Princess Miriam Likelike.
Photo Credit: Hawaii State Archives
Birth Date: November 15, 1835
Birth Place: Edinburgh Scotland
First Wife: Elizabeth Lapeka
Daughters with 1st Wife: Helen, Rose, Annie
Second Wife: Hawaiian Princess Likelike
Daughter With 2nd Wife: Princess Kaiulani
Date of Death: November 1, 1910
Place of Death: Ainahau Estate, Waikiki
Birth and Immigration to New Zealand
Archibald Scott Cleghorn was born in Edinburgh Scotland
on November 15, 1835. Most accounts say he and his parents
immigrated to New Zealand in the 1840's.
Immigration to Hawaii
When Archibald Cleghorn was about 16, he
sailed from Auckland, New Zealand to Honolulu
on the British ship "Sisters" with his parents. His father started
a small store, which was run by Archibald after
his father died. His mother returned to New Zealand,
but he remained in business in Hawaii, opening new stores
on Oahu and other islands.
His Marriage to Elizabeth Lapeka
His first marriage was to local Hawaiian woman
Elizabeth Lapeka, and they had three daughters,
Helen, Rose, and Annie. They lived in a home on Queen
Emma Street in downtown Honolulu.
His Marriage to Princess Likelike
After his first wife died Archibald Cleghorn married Miriam
Likelike. At the time of their mariage in 1870 Archibald
Cleghorn was 35 years oldand Miriam Likelike was 19.
Miriam became a princess when her
brother, David Kalakaua became the King of Hawaii in 1874.
Miriam's sister Lydia Liliuokalani became queen when
King Kalakaua died.
The Birth of Princess Kaiulani
Princess Victoria Kaiulani, daughter of
Archibald Cleghorn and Miriam Likelike
was born on October 16, 1875. When she
was born Princess Kaiulani was second in line
to the throne of Hawaii and when her uncle King
Kalakaua died in 1891 she became the the crown princess
His Career in Hawaii
When his wife's brother King Kalakaua became king he
was appointed to the House of Nobles and when Oahu
governor John Dominis died in 1891 Queen Liliuokalani
appointed him governor of Oahu.
His Role in Founding Kapiolani Park
He served as vice president and president of the Kapiolani
Park Association and he planned the landscaping of the
Waikiki park that was founded in 1877. He planted the
ironwood trees that line Kalakaua Avenue today.
His Home on Queen Emma Street
When he was married to Elizabeth Lapeka, and
for the first part of this marriage to Princess
Likelike, he lived at his home on Queen Emma Street
in Honolulu. He had always had a love
and talent for horticulture and he planted beautiful gardens
around his Queen Emma Street home. He turned
his Queen Emma Street home over to the Pacific Club after
he began living at his Ainahau estate full time.
His Ainahau Estate
Some accounts say Archibald Cleghorn purchased his Ainahau estate
in 1872 for $300 but most accounts say it was given
to his daughter Princess Kaiulani by her godmother
Princess Ruth, when the tiny princess was baptized.
He built a two story home at Ainahau and he lavishly
landscaped the grounds. At first he used it as a country
retreat but eventually he and his family lived
there full time.
Cleghorn Family Deaths at Ainahau
Cleghorn's wife Princess Likelike died at Ainahau
on February 2, 1887 at age 36. His daughter Princess
Kaiulani died there when she was 23. He died
at Ainahau, of heart failure on November 1, 1910.
Several months before he died, he witnessed the relocation
of the bodies of Princesses Likelike and Kaiulani to
crypts in the Royal Mausoleum. He was buried next to them.
His Last Will and Testament
Archibald Cleghorn left his Ainahau estate to the city of Honolulu,
with instructions to turn it into a public park, but
his gift was refused by the Hawaii Legislature in
1911 and 1913. Eventually Ainahau was subdivided and
sold to hotel and residential developers.
Princess Kaiulani (Archibald Cleghorn's Daughter)
Princess Likelike (Archibald Cleghorn's Wife)
The Hawaiian Monarchy
Islands of Hawaii
Hawaii for Visitors
Elsewhere on the Web
Jane's Oceania on Princess Kaiulani
Kathleen Ann Goodman on Princess Kaiulani