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History of the Waikiki Historic Trail
Oahu, Hawaii

Information about the history of the Waikiki Historic Trail in Honolulu, Hawaii.

George Kanahele's Contributions to the Trail
The idea for the Waikiki Historic Trail was originally conceived by Hawaiiana expert and historian George Kanahele, who also helped found the Native Hawaiian Hospitality Association.

Charles Palumbo's Contributions to the Trail
Architect Charles Palumbo designed the surfboard-shaped markers on the trail and after George Kanahele died he volunteered to manage the Waikiki Historic Trail project.

About the Surfboard Trail Markers
19 of the 23 sites on the Waikiki Historic Trail have surfboard shaped markers that are more then six feet tall. The original model for the markers was created by wood carver Bob Holden. He carved the original in redwood, cast it on bronze, and gave it a patina to make it resemble koa wood. The cost of making each marker on the trail was betwen $10,000 and $12,000. The markers were installed by digging a hole, pouring concrete in the hole, and bolting down the surfboard.

When the Markers Were Installed
The 1st marker on the Waikiki Historic trail is called "The Beaches of Waikiki" and it was installed in 1998 on the Diamond Head side of Queen's Surf Beach. At least four markers were installed in 1999, and the 19th and final marker was placed in the triangle park at Kalakaua and Beachwalk on June 27, 2002. That one marks an ancient coconut grove and the Royal Hawaiian Hotel. I'm not sure exactly when the remining markers were installed, but I have read that at one point four were scheduled to be installed in 1998 and four more in 2000.

Surfboard Markers I Have Photographed (11)
-01 - Beaches of Waikiki (installed in 1998)
-02 - Waikiki
-04 - Prince Jonah Kuhio (installed in 1999)
-07 - King Kalakaua Residence at Uluniu
-09 - Lunalilo / International Marketplace
-11 - Apuakehau Stream
-12 - Helumoa and Royal Hawaiian (installed in 2002)
-13 - Kawehewehe
-16 - Duke and Paoa Park (installed in 1999)
-17 - Kalia Bay
-20 - Fort DeRussy

Surfboard Markers I Have Not Photographed (8)
-03 - Queen Liliuokalani Residence
-08 - Ainahau Estate (installed in 1999)
-14 - Afong Estate and Army Museum
-15 - Kalia Road
-18 - Duck Ponds and Ala Moana Park
-19 - Hawaii Convention Center
-22 - Kalia Story
-23 - Hilton Rainbow Tower and Lagoon

Sites With No Surfboard Marker (4)
-05 - Duke Kahanamoku Statue
  • 06 - Kapaemahu Healing Stones
    -10 - Moana Hotel
  • 21 - King Kalakaua Statue

    See also:
    - Markers on the Waikiki Historic Trail
    - Introduction to the Waikiki Historic Trail
    - Downtown Honolulu Historic Tour
    - Walking Tours in All of Hawaii

  • Related Links
    Oahu Island - Main Menu
    Islands of Hawaii
    Hawaii for Visitors

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