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Guide to Hawaiian Fish Species

For each species of Hawaiian fish, this chart includes the Hawaiian name, common name, genus, species, family name, and common family name.

HAWAIIAN NAME COMMON NAME GENUS SPECIES FAMILY NAME COMMON FAMILY NAME
A'awa Hogfish Bodianus bilunulatus Labridae Wrasses
A'u Blue marlin Makaira nigricans Istiophoridae  
A'u Black (silver) marlin Makaira indica Istiophoridae  
A'u lepe Sailfish Istiophorus platypterus Istiophoridae  
A'uku Swordfish Xiphins gladius Xiphiidae  
Aha Needlefish Strongylura gigantea Belonidae  
Ahi Yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares Scombridae  
Ahi palaha Albacore Thunnus alalunga Scombridae  
Aholehole Mountain bass Kuhlia sandvicensis Kuhliidae  
Aku Skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis Scombridae  
Akule Bigeye scad Trachiurops crumenophthalmus Scombridae  
Ala'ihi Squirrelfish Flammeo scythrops Holocentridae Squirrelfish
Ama'ama Mullet Mugil cephalus Mugulidae  
Api Sailfin tang Zebrasoma veliferum Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes
Auweke Moana kali Parupeneus cyclostomus Priacanthidae Bigeyes
Awa Milkfish Chanos chanos Chanidae  
Aweoweo Bigeye tuna Pricanthus cruentatus Priacanthidae Bigeyes
Deepsea moi Beardfish Polymixia berndti Polymixiidae  
Ehu Squirrelfish snapper Etelis carbunculus Lutjanidae Snappers
Hahalalu Bigeye scad Trachiurops crumenophthalmus Carangidae  
Hapu'upu'u Seale's grouper Epinephelus quernus Serranidae Sea basses
He'e mauli Octopus Octopus cyanea Octopodidae  
Hebe Shortnose spearfsh Tetrapterus angustirostris Istiophoridae  
Hilu Black striped wrasse Coris flavovittata Labridae Wrasses
Iheihe Halfbeak Hyporhamphus pacificus Hemiramphidae  
Kahala Amberjack Serioli dumerili Seriolidae  
Kaku Barracuda Sphyraena barracuda Sphyraenidae  
Kala Unicornfish Naso unicornis Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes
Kalekale Von Siebold's snapper Pristipomoides sieboldii Pristipomidae  
Kamanu Rainbow Runner Elegatis bipinnulatus Carangidae  
Kawakawa Kawakawa Euthynnus affinis Scombridae  
Kawele'a Japanese Barracuda Sphyraena helleri Sphyraenidae  
Kole Yellow-eyed surgeon Ctenochaetus strigosus Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes
Kumu White saddle goatfish Parupeneus porphyreus Mullidae Goatfishes
Kupipi Gray damselfish Abudefduf sordidus Pomacentridae Damselfishes
Lai Leatherback Scombroides sancti-petri Carangidae  
Lainihi Razor wrasse Hemipteronotus niger Labridae Wrasses
Mahimahi Dolphin fish Coryphaena lippurus Coryphaenidae  
Mahimahi Small dolphin fish Coryphaena equisetis Coryphaenidae  
Mai'i'i Black & brown surgeon Acanthurus nigrofuscus Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes
Mailko Bluelined surgeon Acanthurus nigrosis Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes
Makiawa Sardine Etrumeus micropus Clupsidae  
Makua Ocean sunfish Mola mola Mullidae Goatfishes
Malolo Flyingfish Parexocroetus brachypterus Exocoetidae  
Mamo Sargent major damsel Abudefduf abdominalis Pomacentridae Damselfishes
Manini Convict tang Acanthurus triostegus Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes
Moana Manybar goatfish Parupeneus multifasciatus Mullidae Goatfishes
Moi Threadfin Polydactylus sexfilis Polynomidae  
Mu Porgy Monotaxis grandoculis Sparidae  
Na'ena'a Orange spot wrasse Acanthurus olivaceus Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes
Nenue Rudderfish Kyphosus cinerescens Kyphosidae Sea chubs
Nunu Trumpetfish Aulostomus chinensis Aulostomidae Trumpetfish
Nunu Trumpetfish Aulostomus chinensis Fistulariidae Cornetfish
O'opu kai nohu Large headed scorpion Pontinus macrocephala Scorpaenidae Scorpionfishes
Oilipa Bluelined leather jacket Osbeckia scripta Aluteridae  
Oio Bonefish Albula vulpes Albulidae  
Ono Wahoo Acanthocybium solandri Scombridae  
Opah Moonfish Lampris regius Lampridae  
Opakapaka Pink snaper Pristipomoides microlepis Pristipomidae  
Opelu Mackerel scad Decapterus pinnulatus Scombridae  
Paki'i Flounder Bothus mancus Bothidae  
Paku'iku'i Achilles tang Acanthurus achilles Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes
Palani Dussumier's surgeon Acanthurus dussumieri Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes
Panuunuhu Gaimard's parrotfish Calotomus carolinus Scaridae Parrotfishes
Papaikualoa Kona crab Ranina ranina Raninidae  
Po'onui Bigeye tuna Thunnus obesus Scombridae  
Po'opa'a Hawkfish Cirrhitus pinnulatis Cirrhitidae Hawkfishes
Po'ou Rose colored wrasse Cheilinus rhodochrous Labridae Wrasses
Pomfret Pomfret Taractes steindachneri Bramidae  
Pualu Ualu Acanthurus mata Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes
Puhiuha White eel Conger cinereus Congridae  
Roi Argus grouper Cephalopolis argus Serranidae Sea basses
Samoan crab Mangrove Scylla serrata Portanidae  
Squid Purpleback flying squid Thysanoteuthis rhombus Ommastrephidae  
Striped marlin Striped marlin Tetrapterus audax Istiophoridae  
Ta'ape Blue striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira Lutjanidae Snappers
To'au Black tail snapper Lutjanus fulvus Lutjanidae Snappers
U'u Squirrelfish Myripristis berndti Holocentridae Squirrelfish
Ukiuki Brigham's snapper Pristipomoides zonatus Lutjanidae Snappers
Uku Gray jobfish (snapper) Aprion virescens Lutjanidae Snappers
Ula Spiny lobster Panulirus marginatus Palinuridae  
Ulapapa Slipper lobster Scyllarides squammosus Scyllaridae  
Uhu Parrotfish Scarus perspicillatus Scaridae Parrotfishes
Ulua Thick-lipped trevally Caranx cheilio Carangidae  
Ulua kihikihi Threadfin jack Alectis ciliaris Carangidae  
Uoauoa Mullet (Chaptall's) Neomyxus chaptalli Mugulidae  
Upapalu Cardinal fish Apogon maculifer Apogonidae Cardinalfishes
Walu Oilfish Ruvettus pretiosus Gempylidae  
White weke White/Samoan goatfish Mulloidichthys samoensis Mullidae Goatfishes
Credit: State of Hawaii, Department of Land and Natural Resources

See also:
  • Sport Fishing in Hawaii
  • Fish of Hawaii



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