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 Hawaii Travel Guide by Kathie Fry

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Hawaii Travel --> About Hawaii --> Culture --> Ethnic Groups --> Immigration to Hawaii --> Timeline for Filipino Immigration to Hawaii

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Timeline for Filipino Immigration to Hawaii

A chronological history of Filipino migration to Hawaii from 1901 through 1965.

In 1901, the Hawaii Sugar Planters Association recommended that Hawaii's sugar plantations begin importing Filipino labor.

In 1906, the first 15 Filipino men arrive in Hawaii to work on sugar plantations.

In 1907, an additional 150 male Filipino workers arrived in Hawaii.

In 1915 the Hawaii Sugar Planters Association began establishing individual agreements with their Filipino workers which included employment terms.

More then 18,000 Filipino workers had immigrated to the Hawaiian Islands to work on sugar plantations by 1916,

The United States went to war in 1917, and at that time many Filipino workers joined the U.S. Navy.

Pablo Manlapit organized the Filipino Labor Union in 1919, and be began recruiting Filipino workers from Hawaii's sugar plantations.

In 1920 the Japanese and Filipinos organized a strike for higher wages. They lost that strike, but they learned to work together for the common good. That same year Manlapit joined Japanese labor leaders to form the Higher Wave Movement.

In 1924 Manlapit led an eight-month strike of plantation workers on Kauai. Sixteen workers and four policemen were killed on September 9, 1924 in gun battle between police and Kauai workers.

In 1925, Manlapit, several other leaders, and sixty workers were convicted of conspiracy and were sentenced to two years in prison. Manlapit chose to be deported to the Philippines. (What happened with Manlapit inn 1932???)

On March 24, 1934, the Tyding-McDuffie Act that paved the way for the Philippines to become independent from the United States, also restricted immigration of Filipinos to a quota of 50 per year. One of the reasons for this restriction was the depressed economy in the United States. More inexpensive imported labor meant fewer jobs for U.S. citizens.

In 1935 the Onomea Camps were segregated into Japanese, Filipino, and Portuguese camps.

In 1945 a second wave of Filipinos immigrated to Hawaii, including workers, wives, and children.

In 1946 the third wave of Filipino workers arrived in Hawaii when 6000 plantation workers were recruited. These recruits had to pay their own passage but their wives and children traveled free. In order to qualify for free return to the Philippines, a laborer had towork at least 250 days during 3 consecutive years.

In 1965, after a new immigration bill was signed by President Lyndon Johnson, another group of Filipinos arrived in Hawaii.

See also:
- Filipino Culture in Hawaii Today
- Other Ethnic Groups in Hawaii

Related Links
About Hawaii - Main Menu
Hawaii for Visitors

Elsewhere on the Web
The Dark Side of Early Pinoy Migration to Hawaii (Manila Times)
- Filipino Immigrant Labor in Hawaii (Hawaii.edu)
- Plantation Life for Filipinos in Hawaii (Hawaii.edu)

A NOTE FROM KATHIE: If you have any corrections or updates to the information on this page or if you would like us to add any information or links, please send a message to the email address on our contacts page.

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