Timeline for Filipino Immigration to Hawaii
A chronological history of Filipino migration
to Hawaii from 1901 through 1965.
In 1901, the Hawaii Sugar Planters Association
recommended that Hawaii's sugar plantations begin
importing Filipino labor.
In 1906, the first 15 Filipino men arrive in Hawaii
to work on sugar plantations.
In 1907, an additional 150 male Filipino workers
arrived in Hawaii.
In 1915 the Hawaii Sugar Planters Association
began establishing individual agreements with their
Filipino workers which included employment terms.
More then 18,000 Filipino workers had immigrated
to the Hawaiian Islands to work on sugar plantations
The United States went to war in 1917, and at
that time many Filipino workers joined the U.S. Navy.
Pablo Manlapit organized the Filipino
Labor Union in 1919, and be began recruiting Filipino workers
from Hawaii's sugar plantations.
In 1920 the Japanese and Filipinos organized
a strike for higher wages. They lost that strike,
but they learned to work together for the common good.
That same year Manlapit joined Japanese
labor leaders to form the Higher Wave Movement.
In 1924 Manlapit led an eight-month strike of
plantation workers on Kauai. Sixteen workers and
four policemen were killed on September 9, 1924
in gun battle between police and Kauai workers.
In 1925, Manlapit, several other leaders,
and sixty workers were convicted of conspiracy
and were sentenced to two years in prison.
Manlapit chose to be deported to the Philippines.
(What happened with Manlapit inn 1932???)
On March 24, 1934, the Tyding-McDuffie Act
that paved the way for the Philippines to become
independent from the United States, also restricted
immigration of Filipinos to a quota of 50 per year.
One of the reasons for this restriction was the
depressed economy in the United States. More inexpensive
imported labor meant fewer jobs for U.S. citizens.
In 1935 the Onomea Camps were segregated into
Japanese, Filipino, and Portuguese camps.
In 1945 a second wave of Filipinos immigrated to Hawaii,
including workers, wives, and children.
In 1946 the third wave of Filipino workers arrived
in Hawaii when 6000 plantation workers were
recruited. These recruits had to pay their own
passage but their wives and children traveled free.
In order to qualify for free return to the Philippines,
a laborer had towork at least 250 days during 3 consecutive
In 1965, after a new immigration bill was
signed by President Lyndon Johnson, another group
of Filipinos arrived in Hawaii.
Filipino Culture in Hawaii Today
Other Ethnic Groups in Hawaii
About Hawaii - Main Menu
Hawaii for Visitors
Elsewhere on the Web
The Dark Side of Early Pinoy Migration to Hawaii
Filipino Immigrant Labor in Hawaii
Plantation Life for Filipinos in Hawaii
A NOTE FROM KATHIE: If you have any corrections or updates to the information on
this page or if you would like us to add any information or
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